Selecting In-Line Valves

In-line valves
 
In-line valves start and stop the flow of water, gas and other materials, regulate flow rates, prevent water from flowing the wrong direction, and much more. The Home Depot carries a wide selection of valves, pipes and fittings to complete your supply line system. If you're going to install or replace an in-line valve yourself, this guide will help you choose the right valve.     
 

Connections


Valves are made from a variety of materials and can be connected to pipe lines in a number of ways.  Some thread on with male or female connections while others are soldered into place or connected with a compression fitting. Plastic valves are usually glued into place.
 

Types of Valves


Each type of valve is designed to perform specific functions and is suited to certain applications.  Refer to this table to determine the type of valve you need.               
 

Type

Applications

Points to Consider

Ball   • Starting and stopping
   flow
 
• Handle is attached to a ball with a small hole in the center that   allows flow when turned
• May be manually turned, air actuated or controlled by an electric   motor
• Provides a leak-proof seal
Full-port ball valves offer unrestricted water flow
Standard and reduced-port valves restrict water flow by one   and two pipe sizes
• Easy to operate
Butterfly • Starting and stopping
   flow
• Regulating flow
• Uses a circular vane or disc to stop the flow of fluid
• Requires just a quarter turn of handle to fully open or close
• Provides a tight seal to minimize leakage
• Ideal for throttling applications
• Not for use with corrosive or abrasive material flows
Check • Preventing backflow • Uses a disc or flapper that swings or springs closed to allow flow      in only one direction
• Operates automatically based on flow
Gate   • Starting and stopping
   flow
 
• Features a gate-like wedge that fits against the seat
• Opens and closes with a hand wheel
• Use for supply lines that are in constant use
• Not suitable for regulating flow volume
Globe • Regulating flow
 
• Shuts off the flow with a rounded disc
• Opens and closes with a hand wheel
• Ideal for throttling applications and frequent use
• Not recommended where full, unobstructed flow is required
• Configurations include straight flow, angle flow and cross flow
Regulating   • Reducing pressure in   a line • Reduces high inlet pressure to a lower outlet pressure
• Keeps water pressure for home and irrigation systems at a   constant level

Other Types of Valves


Automated Valve Systems


Pneumatic and electric valve systems make it easy to close hard-to-reach valves. Pneumatic systems are more economical and close valves very quickly while electric valve systems offer convenient motor power.
 

Saddle Valves


Saddle valves are an ideal solution where low volume and low pressure are required, such as for icemakers, humidifiers or hot water dispensers.
 

Stop and Waste Valves 


These valves include an auxiliary opening on the side, for draining after the water has been shut off.