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Choosing Drywall

 
Choosing Drywall
 
 
In this guide, you’ll learn how to select the right drywall for your project, whether for your basement, bathroom, kitchen or hallway.Drywall, also commonly referred to as Sheetrock (brand), gypsum panel, or wall board, is a lightweight and  cost efficient product for use on interior walls or ceiling panels in new construction renovation and repair work. In residential construction the most commonly used sizes are 4' x 8' x ½". Other sizes, thicknesses and specialty boards may be in stock or available by special order at your local Home Depot store.
 
For small and medium sized projects, most DIY ers use the 4'x8' x ½" size since it offers the best value in per-sheet price and is the easiest to handle; (each sheet weights just over 50 lbs). Drywall can be nailed or screwed to wood or metal studs. When used on ceilings it can also be glued up to keep it from sagging over time. Drywall panels are packaged in pairs to reduce the likelihood of damage in handling; the two-packs can be separated and sold individually.
 
In addition to regular drywall products for standard interior applications, specialty products offer additional benefits. Type X, (5/8” thick) panels offer additional fire resistance where certain fire-ratings are required; the  extra thickness can also offer increased room-to-room sound control. Moisture resistant drywall is typically used in areas prone to moisture, such as bathrooms, laundry rooms, basements, garages, kitchens and utility rooms.
Consult your local building codes office to learn about any specific recommendations or requirements that need to be met when installing in mold, moisture and fire resistant projects.

The chart details the common types of drywall available at The Home Depot:
 

Type

Thickness

Lengths

Description

Common Terms

Regular 1/4”, 3/8”,
1/2”, 5/8"
 
8’, 9’,10',12’
 
• Residential interior wall and
  ceiling construction
• Ideal for basement remodeling

Drywall, Board, Rock

Gypsum Panel

Mold Resistant 1/2”, 5/8”
 
8’, 9’,10',12’ • Mold resistant board products
  offered include USG
  (MoldTough), 
  National Gypsum (XP) and
  American Gypsum (M-Bloc)
• Uses a paperless backing and
  special coating to prevent mold
  from growing 
Mold Board, Mold Proof
 
Moisture Resistant     • Moisture resistant board
  products offered include
  American Gypsum (M-Bloc)
  and GP Green Board
• Special surface coatings make
  boards resistant to moisture
• Also used as tile backer in limited
  wet areas, such as bathroom and
  basement walls, as well as
  kitchens,and laundry and utility
  rooms
Greenboard, Indoor tile backer board
 
Fire Resistant 5/8" Type X

 
8’, 9’,10',12’ • Type X core can achieve fire
   resistance ratings
• Commercial and multi-family
  construction, where fire-rating is
  required
• Extra thickness can also improve
  room-to-room sound control 
Type X, Fire Board,
X Board