Hybrid tea and most shrub roses need a good pruning to make sure they will grow to be attractive and healthy
Prune roses in late winter or very early spring when they have just started to send out new growth in the form of tiny, red buds. It is important to make cuts properly. Always cut at a 45-degree angle sloping outward from the center to create a fuller rose bush and allow air circulation throughout the plant.
WHAT YOU NEED FOR THIS PROJECT
Always prune dead wood back to live plant using an anvil pruner or lopper. You will recognize the living plant tissue by its green bark and white-pith core.
After you make each cut, cover it with a drop of white glue or prune paint seal to ensure quick recovery, as well as provide protection against cane borers.
• Use a bypass pruner to prune the center of the bush open for maximum air circulation.
• Cut out some of the living stems that fill up the center.
• Walk around the plant to ensure that your cuts are balanced and that the bush has a symmetrical shape.
Remove all spindly growth (most canes thinner than a pencil) with a bypass pruner.
If suckers stem from the roots that sprout from below the bud union, remove them as close to the main root cane as possible with the bypass pruners.
• Remove woody old canes using a pruning saw.
• Saw the old canes off as close to the bud union as possible.
• Cover the cane end with a drop of white glue or prune paint seal.
• Use bypass pruners to remove any remaining foliage from the canes and clean up debris from around the bush after you have completed pruning your rose bush.
• Discard all foliage.
• Do not use the material in the compost heap.