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Edging

Edging
 
Well manicured gardens and orderly blooms give a lovely, landscaped appearance to any yard. With the use of decorative edging, it is easier than ever to create solid boundaries between your lawn and garden and maintain a freshly groomed look at all times. In addition to creating a neat appearance, edging prevents soil and mulch from spilling onto your lawn. It also keeps driveway gravel out of your flower beds and prevents grass from growing into garden areas, reducing the amount of time you need to spend weeding. If you are looking to add both definition and design to your landscape, edging is available in a variety of materials, styles and colors. Edging will not only improve how your yard looks, it will also reduce the time you spend maintaining it. Before you buy edging, consider the following questions:
 
             • Is it important that the edging be easy to install?
             • What is your estimated budget for edging?
             • How do you install different types of edging?
             • Do you live in an area that experiences temperature extremes?
             • Are you trying to create a straight or curved border?
 

Spade-Cut, Strip, Masonry and Wood Edging


There are several different types of edging available. The four main types include spade-cut, strip edging, masonry and wood edging. Look around your yard and choose a material that aesthetically matches the design and style of your outdoor space. Each edging material has advantages and some varieties are better suited to certain climates. The main difference between each material, however, is budget and appearance. The least expensive, most commonly used material is plastic edging. One of the most attractive and most expensive types is rock or stone. Each type also varies slightly in how it is installed.
 
Spade-Cut Edging: For the simplest type of border, choose spade-cut edging. Spade-cut edging involves digging a narrow trench around the outside of the bed you are setting apart. This elegant edging was once used in the renowned English gardens. Spade-cut edging works well in most yards, regardless of the slope or the size of the area. Occasional maintenance involves weed removal and keeping soil out of the trench.
 
             • Use a flat spade with a straight cutting edge to get the job done
             • Spade-cut edging is the least expensive type of edging available
             • Keep the spade's cutting blade sharp for a crisper edge with less effort
             • Use leftover soil in your compost pile or in the bed you are edging
             • To keep the edge looking fresh, recut once or twice per season
 
Strip Edging: Strip edging consists of a shallow barrier that is anchored beneath the ground. The very top part of the edging is visible to subtly set the bed and lawn apart. Strip edging works best for creating curves and comes in plastic and metal varieties. Plastic is less expensive and easier to install. Metal edging comes in steel or aluminum and lasts longer but is less pliable. In cold climates, where the ground heaves regularly due to frost, strip edging can dislodge so you may need to occasionally reinstall it.
 
            • Plastic edging is pliable and won't usually crack in heat or cold
            • Plastic edging is more resistant to ground heaves than metal
            • Metal edging may be painted and is often used by professionals
            • Compared to steel edging, aluminum is lighter and does not rust
            • Metal edging is more expensive than plastic but lasts a long time
 
Masonry Edging: Masonry edging, composed of stone, brick or concrete, is the most expensive type. Stone is very attractive and allows you to match borders to any existing stonework you have used in the landscaping, garden or exterior of your home. You can stand brick on end or lay it flat so it's easier to mow over, or you can mortar the bricks for a traditional look. Cement or brick pavers are less expensive. Cement borders often come in preformed sections of different shapes and styles, allowing for easier installation.
 
            • Weeds can grow quickly between stone and brick edging
            • Edging made from stone, brick or concrete is extremely durable
            • Interlocking pavers provide a tight fit without needing mortar
            • Brick is available in a range of textures and colors
            • You can create patterns and curves with concrete edgers
 
Wood Edging: Wood edging comes in precut sections of alternating heights -- either as round logs or flat boards. This type of edging is usually either pre-stained or pressure treated for convenience. You can also use large landscape timbers or railroad ties. All types of wood edging are durable and most are affordable. The types of wood most often used include cedar, cypress and redwood, which resist rot naturally when lying next to soil. If these types of wood are too expensive, opt for pressure-treated wood, which stands up well to rot. Try landscaping timbers in an area where the border must resist pressure from surrounding soil, such as on a hill.
 
           • Wood edging is relatively inexpensive and is very durable
           • Pressure-treated wood will not harm soil or plants
           • Wood edging is sold as 1-inch  x 4-inch or 1-inch x 6-inch boards, set on edge in the soil
           • Use timbers to outline straight beds or stack to create a raised bed
           • Timbers come in a variety of cross-sectional lengths and dimensions
 
Installation: For tips on how to install the various types of edging that are available, consult the chart below.
 

Edging Type 

Installation Tips

Masonry: Brick

• Dig a trench that will allow the amount of brick you want showing to be seen
• For vertical edging, set the brick edge-to-edge in the trench
• For horizontal edging, lay the bricks on a sand base to cushion them and 
  protect from frost heave 

• Keep top faces flush with soil surface and add or take sand away to allow for 
  variations in thickness
• Push soil up against bricks
• Sweep sand into gaps between bricks to add stability 

Masonry: Stone • Dig a trench that will allow the amount of stone you want to show
• Drive two stakes to define the area you are filling and run a mason's line of
  string between to define the area
• After mixing concrete, shovel into a 3' stretch and smooth out
• Set stones into concrete
• Level the tops to match the masonry line using a rubber mallet
• When all stones are in place, push concrete about 6-inches up the back side of
   each and trowel smooth at a 45-degree angle
• For corners, keep stone faces tight to each other and always end a row with a
  full stone
• Repeat steps for the rest of the border
Spade-Cut • Outline the area with rope, a garden hose, lime or other material
• Dig a trench that's 3 to 4-inches deep
• Keep the lawn edge vertical and angle the inside of the trench toward the bed
• For loose soil, angle the spade rather than cutting straight up and down
• After cutting the perimeter, rake the trench and pull leftover soil up into the bed
Strip: Metal • Outline the area with rope, a garden hose, lime or other material
• If soil is soft, lay edging along the bed's border and, using a board to muffle the
  blow, tap into place with a hammer
• If soil is hard, use a spade to dig a shallow 4-inch trench around the bed's
  perimeter
• Position the top edge of the metal at soil level
• Drive enclosed stakes through premade holes in the strips or by driving long,
  bent spikes over the strips to keep edging in place
• On the garden side, rake soil against the edging, keeping it a bit lower than the
  lawn side
 Strip: Plastic • Outline the area with rope, a garden hose, lime or other material
• Dig a shallow 4-inch trench so the bottom of the plastic edging lip is at soil level
• Set plastic strips into trench
• Drive enclosed stakes through the bottom edge of the strips to keep the edging
  in place
• On the garden side, rake soil against the edging, keeping it lower than the lawn
  side
 Wood: Boards • Dig a trench around the edge of the bed to the depth of the edging boards
• Place the boards in the trench and drive stakes in behind, about 5' apart,
  about 1-inch below the board's top edge
• Nail the stakes to the edging board, with something behind the stake to absorb
  hammer blows
 Wood: Landscape Timbers • Dig a trench the same width as the timber to the depth you need
• If buried at least halfway, timbers will hold firm in ground that heaves from frost
• If placing timbers in ground with frost heave, drive spikes through the timbers
  into the soil to keep the timbers in place

Features


Landscape Timbers: Landscape timbers and railroad ties are large, durable and relatively inexpensive, unless you buy specialty wood, like cherry. You can use them individually to outline straight beds or pile them on top of each other. Timbers work well to hold back soil, such as in a retaining wall.
 
Cement or Brick Pavers: Some types of pavers interlock so they are easy to use. Although the interlocking pavers are more expensive, they can be used to quickly create borders or raised beds without needing mortar. Pavers are typically 12-inches long and 4-inches wide.
 
Plastic Edging: Polyethylene edging has a round head on top and a series of grooves on the bottom to keep it anchored. Plastic edging is sold in 5 to 6-inch widths in 20 to 60-foot lengths. Some types contain UV inhibitors to resist fading and cracking in the sun. Lightweight and easy to bend, plastic edging works well in beds that are round or curvy. Plastic edging is the least expensive type of edging material. You can buy plastic edging in a kit with connector pieces to join corners or other tight areas.
 
Cedar Edging: Short, round cedar logs provide an informal look and can be set on end at equal or varied heights. You can also buy whole sections of these short logs strung together in one piece with plastic backing that you can simply push into the ground and secure with stakes.
 

Bender Board: Bender board is milled from redwood or made from composite materials, about ¼-inch thick, which allows the board to bend easily. Bender board is sold in long rolls and is sometimes difficult to find. The benefit of using bender board is that it conforms to tight curves and angles.

 

Steel Edging: Steel edging is sold in 5 to 6-inch widths, in 10 to 20-foot lengths and in different gauges. Steel is flexible but not as bendable as plastic and is more expensive. Steel edging does not work well in climates where temperature fluctuations are common as frost can make the edging material heave. Dislodged steel edging can be extremely dangerous if left exposed in your yard.