Installing a Hanging Light Fixture
Time Required: Under 2 hours
All ceiling-mounted fixtures are installed similarly, regardless of style. The key question is whether the electric box that houses the wiring connections in the ceiling will support the weight of the chandelier you have chosen. If you replace a hanging fixture with a fixture about the same weight, the existing box is probably fine. If heavier, you may need to replace the ceiling box with one designed to hold more weight. This guide will teach you how to install a hanging light fixture in your home.
- To start, turn off electrical power to the fixture at the electrical panel and use an appropriate testing device to ensure no power is present at the fixture before you begin work. DO NOT RELY on a wall switch to protect you from electrical shock.
- Next, set aside any components that can be installed after the fixture is hanging (globes, glass panels, light bulbs, etc.). Follow the specific instructions provided with the fixture. Remember to slide any necessary parts over the wiring and hanging chain. Support the fixture close to the ceiling by screwing a platform to the top of a stepladder with a few drywall screws. This provides a good work surface and should put the chandelier close enough to the ceiling to allow you to do the wiring without having to hold the chandelier in midair.
- Having a second person on a second ladder may also work, but coordinating your movements can be difficult with a heavy fixture. Fixtures usually come with a new mounting strap - a strip of metal that screws into the junction box in the ceiling. You can often use the existing strap, but if not, unscrew the old strap and screw the new strap in place.
- Check the supply wires for fraying or damage. If necessary, cut the wires and strip off about 3⁄4-inch of insulation. Newer fixtures have a black and a white wire. Twist the bare end of the black supply wire together with the bare end of the black fixture wire and then twist on a wire nut. Repeat with the white wires. Carefully tuck the wires into the junction box.
- Put a bulb in the fixture and check that connections work before finishing. If you are re-installing an older fixture, you may find that the fixture wires aren't color coded. In this case, simply choose one fixture wire and connect it to the black supply wire and connect the other fixture wire to the white supply wire, then complete the remaining steps.
Thread the fixture's mounting stem into the mounting strap on the ceiling box. Although the fixture is now securely hanging from the ceiling, the box and mounting hardware are still visible. Slide the canopy up against the ceiling to cover the mounting hardware; tighten the locknut against the canopy.