Types of Hinges
You probably don’t give hinges too much thought until one isn’t working and you can’t open or close a door correctly.
This guide highlights the different types of hinges, along with mounting, sizing and materials. Ready to find the supplies you need in your local store? Use The Home Depot app to locate products and check inventory. We'll take you to the exact aisle and bay.
Hinges are right- or left-handed, and can have a fixed or removable pin – the latter lets you remove doors without unscrewing the hinges.
There are specialized types of hinges, so consult the chart for details.
|Ball Bearing - Door Hinges||Ball bearing||Permanently lubricated||Heavy doors|
|Steel - National Hardware - Door Hinges||Continuous / piano||Distributes weight evenly over the entire length of the hinge||Cabinets Chests Jewelry boxes Lids|
|Jako Architectural Hardware - Hardware||Double-action spring||Self-closing tight pin hinge offers two-way access for swinging doors||Dining room doors Kitchen doors Lightweight doors|
|Flush - Door Hinges||Flush||Hinge is largely concealed||Cabinet doors|
|Knuckle Hinges||Knuckle||Features a loose joint Can hold both light and heavy doors Shows only the knuckle when door is closed||Decorative doors|
|Lift-Joint Butt Hinges||Lift-joint butt||Enables door to be easily lifted off hinges||Areas where door must be frequently removed|
|Decorative - Cabinet Hinges||Ornamental||Decorative look||Cabinet doors Furniture|
|Butt - Door Hinges||Residential / butt||May feature a removable pin Includes heavy-gauge screws||Exterior doors Interior doors Lightweight doors|
|Rising Butt Hinges||Rising butt||Causes door to rise as it opens, enabling it to clear thick carpet||Doors installed over high, thick carpet|
|Spring - Door Hinges||Spring||Shuts door automatically UL-approved Ideal for back doors||Doors leading into a garage Outward-swinging cabinet doors|
|gate hinges||Strap and T||Features a heavy-duty tight pin May be installed on left- or right-hand side||Heavy doors Wooden gates and fences|
|Surface mount - Door Hinges||Surface||Doesn't require a mortise||Bifold doors Shutters Small closet doors|
|Swing-n-Sway Hinges||Swing-n-sway||Provides lateral adjustment to ensure perfect alignment||Café-style doors|
Hinges are installed in four configurations: full-mortise, half-mortise, full-surface and half- surface.
- Full-mortise installations have one leaf mortised on the door jamb and one into the edge of the door.
- Half-mortise installations have one leaf mortised into the edge of the door and one anchored onto the surface of the door jamb.
- Full-surface mounting occurs when the two leaves are secured to the surface of the door.
- Half-surface mounting occurs when one leaf is mortised into the door jamb and the other anchored to the door’s surface.
Hinges can be made from a wide variety of materials, from steel to copper, and have an equally broad range of finishes.
- Stainless steel, brass, bronze, pewter and copper are common hinge materials.
- Choose a finish that complements the design of the door and surrounding décor.
- Common finishes include primed, polished, plated, rust-resistant and more.
- Most hinge types are available in a wide range of sizes. For example, spring joints may range from 2 to 4 inches.
- Installation for most interior and exterior doors will require a chisel, utility knife, hammer, screwdriver and drill.
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