No, this is standard annealed glass.
You are able to order thicker glass through the custom program at Home Depot
The thickness of the glass is .092 or 3/32"
No way, it will shatter into 1,000 pieces
Undoubtedly, yes, it is made for this.
I wouldn't reccomend it
No way this meets your requirements, it is very very cheaply made. Not tempered, its made to be cut