How to Replace Window Glass
Time Required: Under 2 hours
Learning how to replace window glass is a fairly straightforward project, depending on your window frame. This guide will teach you how to fix a broken window in just a few simple steps.
This guide covers glass replacement for all standard wood-frame windows, vinyl frame windows and aluminum frame windows.
Safety: When working with glass, always wear work gloves and safety goggles.
While typical home windows should be replaced every 15 to 20 years, window glass often breaks much sooner and needs to be repaired. Antique leaded-glass panes often loosen and rattle, while modern panes have some problems as well. A double-pane window may tend to fog if moisture gets between its layers and a plastic pane will yellow over time. In situations like these, a repair is much less expensive than a full replacement window.
A glass repair will often be easier to do if you remove the sash. This way you can lay it flat and work on replacing the window glass. If the window is large, it may be best to have a helper.
- Slider windows can usually be removed by just lifting up on the sash to remove it from the track then pulling it out from the bottom.
- A double-hung window usually has vinyl jamb liners at each side to hold it in place. Press in on the liners, then pull out the top part of the sash, then give it a slight twist to release the latch springs in the bottom.
- Modern casement windows have window release catches built into the hinges. With older windows, however, you may have to just unscrew the window from the hinges at the top and bottom to remove them.
Always remove the broken glass carefully and clean the area around the window frame before replacing with new materials.
- Put on heavy, cut-proof gloves and eye protection.
- Using painter's tape or duct tape, tape an "X" shape in the middle of the glass to be removed. Make sure to cover any areas that are already shattered or cracked. The more surface you can cover with the tape, the better. This step will help prevent injury and reduce clean up if the glass breaks during the removal process, as the tape collects the glass pieces and holds them together.
- Remove the glazing medium to expose the entire glass pane.
- If possible, remove the broken pane of glass in one piece.
- If the glass is stuck, use gloved hands to wiggle them out carefully. For an old glazing compound, or putty, use a heat gun to warm up the material slightly. This should help release the more stubborn glass bits. If there is old tape or silicone holding the glass, carefully run the tip of a sharp utility knife between the glass and the old material to help break the seal.
When figuring out how to replace glass in a double-pane window, know that you can replace window glass without having to remove the entire window. Older double-pane window glass can be repaired while the window remains in the frame. Make sure the glass only has a few cracks and the pieces are still fairly large. Loosen the old glazing, then carefully remove the glass pieces.
Tip: Replacing glass in aluminum windows will be easier than replacing glass in a wood frame. The glass can typically be repaired while still in the frame.
Before you replace broken window glass with a new piece, measure the height, width and opening of your pane, and the thickness of the old glass. Write these measurements down. Most home improvement stores will cut glass to order. If you prefer, you can order a large glass sheet and cut it to the correct size.
Order your new glass pane (or cut it yourself) at least 1/16 inches shorter in all directions. Always test fit the glass dry before setting it in place. Along with the glass, purchase a new package of glass points. These are the small metal triangles that secure the glass into the putty. If you have vinyl or aluminum windows, these will require double-sided foam tape or silicone.
Many modern residential windows use insulated glass units (IGU) rather than single panes. IGUs are made of two panes of tempered glass that are separated by a spacer. The space between the two panes is filled with a gas.
IGUs generally have to be ordered from a glass manufacturer, and they come in assorted sizes. When trying to replace window glass in modern windows, it helps to be familiar with taking proper measurements for an insulated glass unit. There are several things to note to make sure that you get the best fit and the right glass.
- Measure the height and width of the unit.
- Measure the thickness of the glass sheet.
- Measure the thickness of the overall unit.
- Note the spacer color – usually white, black or metal.
- Note the coating of the old glass – this is usually low-E, but it might also have a tint.
You also need to note the type of glass. You can generally tell this by the way in which the old glass broke. If the glass broke in large, jagged pieces, it is likely annealed glass, which is the most common. If the glass crumbled into tiny pieces, it is most likely safety glass.
Take the specific measurements of the broken unit and then call for a replacement. As with an ordinary glass pane, tape heavily over any broken or cracked areas in the IGU before beginning the repair. When learning how to fix a broken window, taping the glass will always be important for safety.
Once you’ve removed broken glass, you need to prep the frame to be re-glazed.
- For a wood frame window, use a wire brush and clean out any dirt and residue on and inside the window frame.
- With traditional glazing, soften the old compound with a heat gun, being careful not to scorch the wood.
- Scrape away the softened material with a putty knife.
- Remove the metal glazing points from grooves in the frame where the glass was held.
- Scrape away any remaining old paint or compound in the l-shaped grooves. Then, sand the grooves down to bare wood.
- Coat the bare wood with a sealer and let dry. For older wood windows, use a small brush and apply a few coats of linseed oil instead to the wood around the frame. Let the oil soak in. This will extend the life of the glazing.
- Use a caulking gun and squeeze a thin layer of window glazing compound in the primed grooves.
- With the help of a friend, set the new window glass in place.
- Press the new window glass lightly to bed it.
- Press in new glazing points every 10 inches with the tip of a putty knife.
- Apply additional glazing compound by moving the tube tip along the edge of the glass while steadily squeezing the trigger.
- Smooth the glazing with a wet finger or cloth.
Tip: If the compound is applied too thick, you will notice swelling and it will be visible around the pane.
Take a look at your window frame to make sure it doesn't need a paint touch-up. If it does, follow these simple steps:
- Lightly scrape away or gently sand any areas of peeling paint.
- Latex glazing can usually be painted the same day.
- Place painter’s tape over the glass in areas that need paint to within 1/16-inch of the glazing. Overlap the paint to improve its weather seal.
When replacing window glass, it is usually easier to remove the window and lay it flat. However, most aluminum windows can be repaired in place without removing the sash.
- Put on cut-proof gloves and eye protection.
- Pop out the vinyl strip from the aluminum window frame. Insert a flat-head screwdriver or the edge of a putty knife under the strip to start.
- Remove the strip the rest of the way by hand. If the strips overlap, you may have to remove each strip in order, usually side strips first, then top, then bottom.
- Inspect the vinyl strips. If they seem old, worn or brittle, you can purchase new vinyl strips and cut to the correct size with a utility knife.
- Cut away old silicone from the exposed glass. Remove additional broken glass and clean out the frame channels. Scrape away old silicone with a utility knife. Wipe the channels clean with glass cleaner.
- Measure the frame space from top to bottom and side to side to get the correct measurement of the new glass. Subtract 1/16 inches from each side and use these measurements to have the glass cut to the correct size. Dry fit the glass into the frame before sealing it in.
- Run a line of silicone caulk along the back edge of the aluminum frame. Press the glass in place. Hold for a minute to allow the silicone to set.
- Run a line of silicone around the edges of the glass.
- Fit the vinyl strips back into place. Start with the bottom, the top, then left and right strips.
Replacing window glass in vinyl windows is completed more easily when you remove the sash and lay it flat. While the technique is similar to learning how to replace a window pane for an aluminum frame, the glass required often must be bought from a glass manufacturer.
- Wear eye protection and cut-proof gloves.
- Remove the window sash, according to manufacturer directions. Usually, this is simply pushing in the side latches to tilt the window out, then sliding the window out of its track.
- Remove the vinyl glazing strips from the vinyl frame. Use the flat edge of a screwdriver or a putty knife to gently slide under the edge of the strip and pop it out of the frame.
- Cut away the old foam tape or sealer securing the glass unit. Run the tip of a putty knife around the edge of the inner sash frame to loosen it.
- Once the glass unit is free, carefully lift it out of the vinyl frame.
- Gently scrape the old mounting tape or sealer away from the inner channels of the sash. Try to get the surfaces as clean as possible to create the best seal on the new installation.
- Apply new double-sided mounting tape along each edge. When you reach a corner, cut the tape, then start down the new side, overlapping the other edge at the corner.
- Replace the small rubber pieces, called setting blocks, and the bottom corners of the sash, if needed.
- Peel the backing from the tape to expose the adhesive, then, carefully set the new IGU into the frame. Apply a little pressure around each edge to help it settle securely into the adhesive.
- Replace the vinyl strips back around the edges of the sash frame, pushing them into place by hand.
- Then, replace the window sash and lock it back into place.
ReOnce you've learned how to replace a window pane, you'll find satisfaction and recognize some savings by taking on this DIY project. Replacing a broken window successfully primarily depends on getting the right measurements and the correct window glass for your type of frame. Learn how to remove your window sash and lay it flat to make the job easier. Be sure to have all the necessary materials before you begin, including any glazing points or strips, silicone, foam tape or putty and a sharp utility knife.
Replacing window glass should only be attempted when you have the right safety gear including eye protection and cut-proof gloves that are correctly sized to protect your hands and cover your wrists.