Give your bedroom a personal touch with a homemade bed frame. Whether you have a little or a lot of woodworking experience, learning how to build a DIY wooden bed frame can help improve your skills.
This guide will teach you how to build a wooden bed frame for a queen-sized mattress. You can build a DIY wooden bed frame of any size by scaling the measurements to suit your mattress. Common sizes are:
Twin: 38- x 75-inch
Full: 54- x 80-inch
King: 76- x 80-inch
When you finish your DIY wooden bed frame, you can use it on its own or add a homemade headboard.
Tip: As you decide where to put your bed, measure the distance between surrounding furniture to ensure that you have enough room for the frame. Make sure to account for the space, like doorways, you’ll need to move through to get your homemade wooden bed frame into the room.
The first step of how to build a bed frame is to get the framing lumber and materials you need.
Purchase and cut the lumber pieces based on the below cut list:
- Get four 2- x 4-inch x 8-foot whitewood: cut four 40 ½-inch frame sides and four 13-inch frame center supports
- Get four 2- x 4-inch x 10-foot lumber: cut eight 58-inch frame cross members
- Get four 1- x 8-inch x 8-foot whitewood: cut two 81-inch apron (sides) and two 62.5-inch apron (head and foot)
- Get one 1- x 3-inch x 8-foot whitewood: cut four 14 ½-inch legs (sides)
- Get one 1- x 4-inch x 8-foot whitewood: cut four 14 ½-inch legs (front and back)
Create Pocket Holes
Collect all of the frame cross members and drill two pocket holes on each end with the lumber pieces standing vertically.
For accurate placement and depth, use a pocket hole jig.
Tip: The holes are drilled at an angle to hide the screws that connect the pieces together. The depth of your pocket holes are determined by the thickness of your cut lumber pieces.
Create the Frame
- Layout the frame cross member so that you have one on each end of the frame sides.
- The middle cross members get placed at 13 ½ inches and 27 inches on the frame.
- Once they are in place, screw them together.
- Repeat these steps to make the other half of the bed frame.
- Line up the long sides of the two frame assemblies.
- Clamp them together and make sure they’re square.
- Mark the center of the conjoined assemblies at 18 inches, then drill 3/8-inch holes to bolt the pieces together.
- Insert the 5/16- x 4-inch bolt into the conjoined pieces with the accompanying cut washer, lock washer and nut.
- Add wood glue between the pieces, then tighten to secure.
Tip: Now is a good time to transition the construction to a larger workspace, or place it on the ground, if the area or surface you’re utilizing isn’t large enough.
- Prop the frame assembly up 2 ¼ inches from the ground. You can use scrap pieces of lumber, or 2- x 4-inch and 1- x 4-inch boards.
- Line one of the side apron pieces even with the ends of the frame assembly with a 1 ½-inch over hang on the top edge.
- Clamp into place.
- Measure and drill the holes for the bolts 3 ¼ inches down from the top edge and 1 ½ inches on the overhang side.
- Do this at 8 inches, 29 inches, 52 ½ inches and 73 inches. The holes should be in the center of the 2- x 4-inch frame assembly.
- Repeat this step to attach the other side apron.
- Line up the foot apron so that the ends are flush with the outer edge of the side apron pieces.
- Clamp into place.
- Drill holes for the bolt 3 ¼ inches down from the top edge. Do this at 8 inches, 31 ¼ inches and 54 ½ inches.
- Add wood glue, then insert and tighten the bolts in place.
- Repeat this step to attach the head apron.
Attach the Legs
- Flip over the frame assembly to attach the legs.
- Align the legs one at a time with the end of the side apron.
- Secure in place with 3/8 inch carriage bolts.
- In the same way that you did the side legs, attach the front and back legs. The only difference is that they will be aligned flush with the top of the apron and the face of the side legs.
- The 1x4s should be glued and fastened to each other along the corner joint.
- For installation, prop the supports up with a piece of scrap lumber.
- Place center supports onto the second and fourth cross frame members at 30 ½ inches.
- Place center supports onto the middle cross frame member at 24 inches.
- Use your speed square to ensure the supports are square with the frame assembly.
- Secure in place with wood glue and 2 ½-inch pocket hole screws.
- The supports need 4 screws each. The screws should be 3 inches long.
Add the Finishing Touches
- Sand everything smooth.
- Wipe down your DIY wooden bed frame to get rid of the sawdust.
- You can now cover each hole with a pocket hole plug.
- Apply a coat of paint or wood stain to your homemade bed frame to complement your bedroom decor.
- If you’re making a headboard, attach the headboard to the wooden bed frame.
- Once you have moved your DIY wooden bed frame to the bedroom, add your queen size mattress. Test the frame to make sure it isn’t moving around. If it is, you may need to tighten the bolts.
After you finish learning how to build a wooden bed frame, you may want to create a matching headboard. You might even be inspired to continue woodworking with other projects. Or you may just want to rest for a little while in your homemade bed.
As you review how to build a bed frame, you may realize you don’t have all the tools you need for this project. Tool rental for any project is available at The Home Depot.