How to Install Beadboard Wainscoting
Time Required: 2-4 hours
For centuries, wainscoting has served as protection for the plaster. A form of decorative paneling in the wainscoting family, beadboard wainscoting is a popular way to add character to your bathroom, ceiling, kitchen or living room. Beadboard paneling gives a room an intimate, traditional feel, making it ideal for homes with more of a cottage or bungalow style.
The most common type, beadboard is a row of narrow wood planks made up of tongue and groove panels and installed vertically on a wall. This guide details how to successfully install beadboard to give your home a refreshed and updated look.
Whether you're ready to begin wainscoting bathroom walls or to add beadboard backsplash to your kitchen, these are a few things to consider before you begin to install beadboard:
- Select your paneling. Decide if you want primed, finished or unfinished lumber. Always read the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Prep your walls.
- Decide which part of the wall you are going to cover with the beadboard.
- Familiarize yourself with the separate parts that make up beadboard wainscoting: Panels or vertical boards made up of a row of tongue and groove planks and top cap moulding which provides an elegant finish to the top of the panel.
Remove Baseboard and Outlet Covers:
- If you are reusing the baseboard, carefully pry it from the wall. You may prefer to use new baseboards with a groove to hold the lower ends of the wainscoting boards. Install outlet box extension rings that allow you to bring the outlet to the wainscoting surface.
Tip: Installation is typically 32 to 36 inches off the floor or roughly one-third the room height. When adding wainscoting, adjust the top edge to avoid running into windowsills or other trim in the room.
- Extend a line around the room with a level.
- The top and the bottom of the wainscoting are held in place by a cap rail and a baseboard nailed into the studs. Locate the stud with a nail or stud finder and mark them both at floor level and just above the level line.
Tip: Be sure to take into account light switches and power outlets. You may need to cut your beadboard to fit these areas.
- Butt the grooved end of a board into a corner and nail it in place.
- Run a wavy line of construction adhesive along the back of several boards.
- Spread the wood glue with a notched trowel as you slip the boards into place.
- Slide the tongues in the grooves, leaving a 1/16-inch space between the visible edges to allow for expansion in humid weather.
- Align the top edges with the level line.
- Check the edge for plum with a level.
- Press the boards with the heels of your hands to help bond the boards with the wall.
Tip: You can also use liquid nails to attach panels to the wall. We recommend reinforcing with nails (see Step 6).
Whenever a board is over a stud, nail it in place. Hide the nail in the groove along the bead, or drive it through the tongue if possible. Cut or plane as much of the last board as needed to make it fit. Install it by slipping it down from above.
- For out-of-plumb corners, make adjustments several boards away.
- Measure between the last board and the corner at both the top and bottom of the wainscoting.
- Then divide the difference by the number of boards remaining to be installed. If the difference is within 1/16-inch, install the remaining boards slightly out of plumb so the last one will be flush with the adjoining wall. If the gap is more than 1/16-inch, scribe the last board to fit.
Nail the cap rail in place with #6 or #8 finishing nails. Miter inside and outside corners. If the rail is complex, cope inside corners. If the baseboards go on top of the beaded boards, nail them in place using #8 finishing nails. Countersink and fill all nail holes. If you paint the wainscoting, seal any gaps with paintable caulk.
Tip: Consider painting your beadboard to add color and character to the room.
Keeping wainscoting clean will help prevent dust and buildup.
- Wipe wainscoting down with a dust rag to remove loose dust.
- Use a damp fibercloth to wipe clean any stains or dirt marks.
- You can also use vinegar and water to wipe clean.
- Beadboard backsplash in a kitchen or bath will be subject to more water stains and residue. Try wiping it down daily or weekly to avoid buildup.