How to Remove and Replace a Bathtub
Time Required: Over 1 day
Upgrading your bathtub can drastically improve your bathroom’s appearance and your family’s comfort. Removing an old tub and installing a new one may seem daunting, but if you carefully prepare and work with a helper, you can complete this DIY project in one day. This guide will teach you how to remove your old bathtub and install a new one.
Wear protective eye gear and gloves when removing any kind of tub. You may also want hearing protection. Check with your local sanitation or recycling company for details on disposing of your old tub.
Before you begin, measure your current bathtub alcove. This will help you select the right size tub for your space. Keep in mind that most standard bathtubs are five feet long and either 30 or 32-inches wide.
To find out what type of tub you need, face the alcove. The side that holds the drain opening determines what type of tub you need. If the drain opening is on the left side, look for a left drain tub. If it's on the right, you need a right drain tub. If the tub you're installing is a different size or orientation than your old one, re-locate the rough-in plumbing.
- Make sure the subfloor is level, and if necessary, use a leveling compound to even out the surface.
- Cut three 1 x 4s for later use.
- Before removing the tub, shut off the water supply. If your bathroom doesn't have a separate cutoff valve, turn off the water to the entire house. Make sure the water is off by turning on the tub faucet.
- Open a valve at a lower level in your home to relieve any remaining pressure in the lines.
- Tub drains have different components that first need to be removed, so procedures on this step may vary. The one shown here has a stopper that unscrews, allowing you to access the drain flange at the bottom of the tub.
- Use a tool designed for tub drain removal, also called a tub drain extractor, to remove the drain flange.
- Use the screwdriver to disconnect and remove the tub's waste and overflow valve cover.
- Remove the tub spout since this will be on a portion of the wall you'll be cutting away. Some spouts have a setscrew that holds them in place. If you don't find one, your spout should just twist off by turning it counterclockwise.
- To disconnect the drain, you need to gain access to the underside of the tub, either from behind the wall or through the ceiling or floor below the bathroom.
- Use a pair of channel lock pliers to disconnect the pipes below the tee where the drain and overflow valve meet. If your fittings on your bathtub drain are galvanized steel, you may need a penetrating lubricant like PB Blaster to loosen the joints first.
- Once you've loosened the nut connecting the drain pipe, unscrew it the rest of the way by hand and lift out the entire section.
- Wearing your safety glasses and gloves, cut out a section of drywall approximately 6-inches above the tub on each of the three sides. To make repairing the wall easier, measure a standard distance up from the top of the tub.
- Use a straight edge to mark a guideline all the way around. Cut along the line with a drywall saw and remove the section between the line and the tub all the way down to the studs.
- Clear everything away so you have access to the screws or nails attaching the tub flange to the studs.
- Remove the screws or nails all the way around the top and sides of the tub with a pry bar. Also remove any trim moulding from the sides of the alcove.
- Cut away any caulk between the tub and floor with a utility knife.
- Be safe and have a helper for these next few steps.
- One person should lift up the front edge of the tub, while another slides a couple of 1 x 4 boards underneath it to get it off the floor.
- Slide the tub out of the alcove using the 1 x 4 boards as skids.
- Remove any stringer supports left on the wall. The stringer is the crosspiece that supports the edge of the tub.
- With the alcove now exposed, clean the area and remove any leftover nails or debris.
- Again, remember to wear protective ear and eye gear when removing any type of tub.
- How you dispose of the old tub will depend on the type it is. Cast iron tubs should be broken up with a sledgehammer. Because of the sheer weight, do this in the bathroom so you can remove the tub in sections.
- All other types of bathtub materials are relatively light. The tub can be removed whole as long as you have some help. Steel, composite or fiberglass tubs can be cut up with a reciprocating saw. Porcelain over steel tubs should be disposed of whole.
- Before installation, check the new tub over and report any damage to the manufacturer.
- Since porcelain can fracture, keep your new tub safely packaged until you're ready to install it. Cut out a section of the cardboard to put inside the tub to help protect the surface while you work. Use another piece of cardboard to protect the exposed porcelain side as well.
- Many tubs have a sound deadening and leveling pad on the underside, and this pad needs to rest fully on the subfloor.
- Use your helper to carefully set the tub onto the skids and slide it into place in the alcove.
- Once it's in position, check to see if the tub is level, and if necessary use shims to even it out.
- Take a pencil and mark a reference line on the studs all the way around on all three sides. After doing this, take out the tub and set it aside.
- Since you've already marked the top edge of the flange on the studs, you'll need to allow for the height of the flange to install the stringer.
- Take the height and measure that same distance below the reference line on each stud. This new mark will serve as the top edge of the stringer you'll install.
- Cut a 2 x 4 the length of your tub, and use deck screws to attach it to the studs on the new reference marks.
- To put in the drain, turn the tub on its side and install it according to the manufacturer's instructions.
- Take a bit of plumber’s putty, roll it in your hands and place it on the underside of the drain flange.
- Position the drain shoe on the underside of the tub, and screw the drain flange into the threads. Tighten it down completely with the drain tool and remove any excess putty.
- To connect the overflow valve, place the rubber gasket onto the overflow elbow, and position it behind the tub.
- Attach the cover plate inside the tub to the overflow elbow and gasket behind the tub.
- Connect the overflow pipe and drain pipe with a tee where the two meet.
- Install the drain strainer onto the flange.
- Carefully move the tub back into place. As you do, make sure not to disrupt the drain assembly you just attached. When it's in position, the flange should rest on the stringer that was just installed along the back wall.
- Make sure the drain and overflow plumbing coming out of your tub is aligned with the rough-in drain outlet in your bathroom.
- Connect the pipes together and tighten them down snugly, but don't over-tighten.
- Before securing the tub, make sure the top of the flange lines up with the reference marks you established earlier. If it does, go ahead and attach the tub flange to the studs with roofing nails. Secure the flange on all three walls, as well as the sides of the tub. Do not drill the flange. Instead use the head of the fastener to hold the flange down.
- With the tub in place, finish off the wall with drywall and paint.
- Reinstall the baseboard and finish moulding around and in front of the tub.
- Reattach the spout.
- Don't forget to turn the water back on, but be sure to wait 24 hours before using the tub.
Don't worry if you don't own all of the tools needed to complete this DIY project. Rent tools and trucks for any project at The Home Depot.